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A cross-platform process and system utilities module

A cross-platform process and system utilities module

psutil

Cross-platform lib for process and system monitoring in Python.

Summary

psutil (process and system utilities) is a cross-platform library for retrieving information on running processes and system utilization (CPU, memory, disks, network, sensors) in Python. It is useful mainly for system monitoring, profiling and limiting process resources and management of running processes. It implements many functionalities offered by UNIX command line tools such as: ps, top, lsof, netstat, ifconfig, who, df, kill, free, nice, ionice, iostat, iotop, uptime, pidof, tty, taskset, pmap. psutil currently supports the following platforms:

  • Linux
  • Windows
  • macOS,
  • FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD
  • Sun Solaris
  • AIX

...both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures, with Python versions 2.6, 2.7, and 3.4+. PyPy is also known to work.

Example applications

pmap-small

procsmem-small

top-small

procinfo-small

Example usages

CPU


    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.cpu_times()
    scputimes(user=3961.46, nice=169.729, system=2150.659, idle=16900.540, iowait=629.59, irq=0.0, softirq=19.42, steal=0.0, guest=0, nice=0.0)
    >>>
    >>> for x in range(3):
    ...     psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1)
    ...
    4.0
    5.9
    3.8
    >>>
    >>> for x in range(3):
    ...     psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1, percpu=True)
    ...
    [4.0, 6.9, 3.7, 9.2]
    [7.0, 8.5, 2.4, 2.1]
    [1.2, 9.0, 9.9, 7.2]
    >>>
    >>> for x in range(3):
    ...     psutil.cpu_times_percent(interval=1, percpu=False)
    ...
    scputimes(user=1.5, nice=0.0, system=0.5, idle=96.5, iowait=1.5, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
    scputimes(user=1.0, nice=0.0, system=0.0, idle=99.0, iowait=0.0, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
    scputimes(user=2.0, nice=0.0, system=0.0, idle=98.0, iowait=0.0, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
    >>>
    >>> psutil.cpu_count()
    4
    >>> psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)
    2
    >>>
    >>> psutil.cpu_stats()
    scpustats(ctx_switches=20455687, interrupts=6598984, soft_interrupts=2134212, syscalls=0)
    >>>
    >>> psutil.cpu_freq()
    scpufreq(current=931.42925, min=800.0, max=3500.0)
    >>>

Memory

    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.virtual_memory()
    svmem(total=10367352832, available=6472179712, percent=37.6, used=8186245120, free=2181107712, active=4748992512, inactive=2758115328, buffers=790724608, cached=3500347392, shared=787554304)
    >>> psutil.swap_memory()
    sswap(total=2097147904, used=296128512, free=1801019392, percent=14.1, sin=304193536, sout=677842944)
    >>>

Disks


    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.disk_partitions()
    [sdiskpart(device='/dev/sda1', mountpoint='/', fstype='ext4', opts='rw,nosuid'),
     sdiskpart(device='/dev/sda2', mountpoint='/home', fstype='ext, opts='rw')]
    >>>
    >>> psutil.disk_usage('/')
    sdiskusage(total=21378641920, used=4809781248, free=15482871808, percent=22.5)
    >>>
    >>> psutil.disk_io_counters(perdisk=False)
    sdiskio(read_count=719566, write_count=1082197, read_bytes=18626220032, write_bytes=24081764352, read_time=5023392, write_time=63199568, read_merged_count=619166, write_merged_count=812396, busy_time=4523412)
    >>>

Network



    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.net_io_counters(pernic=True)
    {'eth0': netio(bytes_sent=485291293, bytes_recv=6004858642, packets_sent=3251564, packets_recv=4787798, errin=0, errout=0, dropin=0, dropout=0),
     'lo': netio(bytes_sent=2838627, bytes_recv=2838627, packets_sent=30567, packets_recv=30567, errin=0, errout=0, dropin=0, dropout=0)}
    >>>
    >>> psutil.net_connections()
    [sconn(fd=115, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=48776), raddr=addr(ip='93.186.135.91', port=80), status='ESTABLISHED', pid=1254),
     sconn(fd=117, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=43761), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.100', port=80), status='CLOSING', pid=2987),
     sconn(fd=-1, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=60759), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.104', port=80), status='ESTABLISHED', pid=None),
     sconn(fd=-1, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=51314), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.83', port=443), status='SYN_SENT', pid=None)
     ...]
    >>>
    >>> psutil.net_if_addrs()
    {'lo': [snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, address='127.0.0.1', netmask='255.0.0.0', broadcast='127.0.0.1', ptp=None),
            snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET6: 10>, address='::1', netmask='ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff', broadcast=None, ptp=None),
            snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_LINK: 17>, address='00:00:00:00:00:00', netmask=None, broadcast='00:00:00:00:00:00', ptp=None)],
     'wlan0': [snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, address='192.168.1.3', netmask='255.255.255.0', broadcast='192.168.1.255', ptp=None),
               snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET6: 10>, address='fe80::c685:8ff:fe45:641%wlan0', netmask='ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff::', broadcast=None, ptp=None),
               snicaddr(family=<AddressFamily.AF_LINK: 17>, address='c4:85:08:45:06:41', netmask=None, broadcast='ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff', ptp=None)]}
    >>>
    >>> psutil.net_if_stats()
    {'eth0': snicstats(isup=True, duplex=<NicDuplex.NIC_DUPLEX_FULL: 2>, speed=100, mtu=1500),
     'lo': snicstats(isup=True, duplex=<NicDuplex.NIC_DUPLEX_UNKNOWN: 0>, speed=0, mtu=65536)}
    >>>

Sensors


    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.sensors_temperatures()
    {'acpitz': [shwtemp(label='', current=47.0, high=103.0, critical=103.0)],
     'asus': [shwtemp(label='', current=47.0, high=None, critical=None)],
     'coretemp': [shwtemp(label='Physical id 0', current=52.0, high=100.0, critical=100.0),
                  shwtemp(label='Core 0', current=45.0, high=100.0, critical=100.0),
                  shwtemp(label='Core 1', current=52.0, high=100.0, critical=100.0),
                  shwtemp(label='Core 2', current=45.0, high=100.0, critical=100.0),
                  shwtemp(label='Core 3', current=47.0, high=100.0, critical=100.0)]}
    >>>
    >>> psutil.sensors_fans()
    {'asus': [sfan(label='cpu_fan', current=3200)]}
    >>>
    >>> psutil.sensors_battery()
    sbattery(percent=93, secsleft=16628, power_plugged=False)
    >>>

Other system info


    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.users()
    [suser(name='giampaolo', terminal='pts/2', host='localhost', started=1340737536.0, pid=1352),
     suser(name='giampaolo', terminal='pts/3', host='localhost', started=1340737792.0, pid=1788)]
    >>>
    >>> psutil.boot_time()
    1365519115.0
    >>>

Process management


    >>> import psutil
    >>> psutil.pids()
    [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 46, 48, 50, 51, 178, 182, 222, 223, 224, 268, 1215, 1216, 1220, 1221, 1243, 1244,
     1301, 1601, 2237, 2355, 2637, 2774, 3932, 4176, 4177, 4185, 4187, 4189, 4225, 4243, 4245, 4263, 4282,
     4306, 4311, 4312, 4313, 4314, 4337, 4339, 4357, 4358, 4363, 4383, 4395, 4408, 4433, 4443, 4445, 4446,
     5167, 5234, 5235, 5252, 5318, 5424, 5644, 6987, 7054, 7055, 7071]
    >>>
    >>> p = psutil.Process(7055)
    >>> p.name()
    'python'
    >>> p.exe()
    '/usr/bin/python'
    >>> p.cwd()
    '/home/giampaolo'
    >>> p.cmdline()
    ['/usr/bin/python', 'main.py']
    >>>
    >>> p.pid
    7055
    >>> p.ppid()
    7054
    >>> p.parent()
    <psutil.Process(pid=7054, name='bash') at 140008329539408>
    >>> p.children()
    [<psutil.Process(pid=8031, name='python') at 14020832451977>,
     <psutil.Process(pid=8044, name='python') at 19229444921932>]
    >>>
    >>> p.status()
    'running'
    >>> p.username()
    'giampaolo'
    >>> p.create_time()
    1267551141.5019531
    >>> p.terminal()
    '/dev/pts/0'
    >>>
    >>> p.uids()
    puids(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
    >>> p.gids()
    pgids(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
    >>>
    >>> p.cpu_times()
    pcputimes(user=1.02, system=0.31, children_user=0.32, children_system=0.1)
    >>> p.cpu_percent(interval=1.0)
    12.1
    >>> p.cpu_affinity()
    [0, 1, 2, 3]
    >>> p.cpu_affinity([0, 1])  # set
    >>> p.cpu_num()
    1
    >>>
    >>> p.memory_info()
    pmem(rss=10915840, vms=67608576, shared=3313664, text=2310144, lib=0, data=7262208, dirty=0)
    >>> p.memory_full_info()  # "real" USS memory usage (Linux, macOS, Win only)
    pfullmem(rss=10199040, vms=52133888, shared=3887104, text=2867200, lib=0, data=5967872, dirty=0, uss=6545408, pss=6872064, swap=0)
    >>> p.memory_percent()
    0.7823
    >>> p.memory_maps()
    [pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x8664-linux-gnu/libutil-2.15.so', rss=32768, size=2125824, pss=32768, shared_clean=0, shared_dirty=0, private_clean=20480, private_dirty=12288, referenced=32768, anonymous=12288, swap=0),
     pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x8664-linux-gnu/libc-2.15.so', rss=3821568, size=3842048, pss=3821568, shared_clean=0, shared_dirty=0, private_clean=0, private_dirty=3821568, referenced=3575808, anonymous=3821568, swap=0),
     pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x8664-linux-gnu/libcrypto.so.0.1', rss=34124, rss=32768, size=2134016, pss=15360, shared_clean=24576, shared_dirty=0, private_clean=0, private_dirty=8192, referenced=24576, anonymous=8192, swap=0),
     pmmap_grouped(path='[heap]',  rss=32768, size=139264, pss=32768, shared_clean=0, shared_dirty=0, private_clean=0, private_dirty=32768, referenced=32768, anonymous=32768, swap=0),
     pmmap_grouped(path='[stack]', rss=2465792, size=2494464, pss=2465792, shared_clean=0, shared_dirty=0, private_clean=0, private_dirty=2465792, referenced=2277376, anonymous=2465792, swap=0),
     ...]
    >>>
    >>> p.io_counters()
    pio(read_count=478001, write_count=59371, read_bytes=700416, write_bytes=69632, read_chars=456232, write_chars=517543)
    >>>
    >>> p.open_files()
    [popenfile(path='/home/giampaolo/svn/psutil/setup.py', fd=3, position=0, mode='r', flags=32768),
     popenfile(path='/var/log/monitd', fd=4, position=235542, mode='a', flags=33793)]
    >>>
    >>> p.connections()
    [pconn(fd=115, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=48776), raddr=addr(ip='93.186.135.91', port=80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
     pconn(fd=117, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=43761), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.100', port=80), status='CLOSING'),
     pconn(fd=119, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=60759), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.104', port=80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
     pconn(fd=123, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=addr(ip='10.0.0.1', port=51314), raddr=addr(ip='72.14.234.83', port=443), status='SYN_SENT')]
    >>>
    >>> p.num_threads()
    4
    >>> p.num_fds()
    8
    >>> p.threads()
    [pthread(id=5234, user_time=22.5, system_time=9.2891),
     pthread(id=5235, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
     pthread(id=5236, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
     pthread(id=5237, user_time=0.0707, system_time=1.1)]
    >>>
    >>> p.num_ctx_switches()
    pctxsw(voluntary=78, involuntary=19)
    >>>
    >>> p.nice()
    0
    >>> p.nice(10)  # set
    >>>
    >>> p.ionice(psutil.IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE)  # IO priority (Win and Linux only)
    >>> p.ionice()
    pionice(ioclass=<IOPriority.IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE: 3>, value=0)
    >>>
    >>> p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5))  # set resource limits (Linux only)
    >>> p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
    (5, 5)
    >>>
    >>> p.environ()
    {'LC_PAPER': 'it_IT.UTF-8', 'SHELL': '/bin/bash', 'GREP_OPTIONS': '--color=auto',
    'XDG_CONFIG_DIRS': '/etc/xdg/xdg-ubuntu:/usr/share/upstart/xdg:/etc/xdg', 'COLORTERM': 'gnome-terminal',
     ...}
    >>>
    >>> p.as_dict()
    {'status': 'running', 'num_ctx_switches': pctxsw(voluntary=63, involuntary=1), 'pid': 5457, ...}
    >>> p.is_running()
    True
    >>> p.suspend()
    >>> p.resume()
    >>>
    >>> p.terminate()
    >>> p.wait(timeout=3)
    0
    >>>
    >>> psutil.test()
    USER         PID %CPU %MEM     VSZ     RSS TTY        START    TIME  COMMAND
    root           1  0.0  0.0   24584    2240            Jun17   00:00  init
    root           2  0.0  0.0       0       0            Jun17   00:00  kthreadd
    root           3  0.0  0.0       0       0            Jun17   00:05  ksoftirqd/0
    ...
    giampaolo  31475  0.0  0.0   20760    3024 /dev/pts/0 Jun19   00:00  python2.4
    giampaolo  31721  0.0  2.2  773060  181896            00:04   10:30  chrome
    root       31763  0.0  0.0       0       0            00:05   00:00  kworker/0:1
    >>>

Further process APIs


    >>> import psutil
    >>> for proc in psutil.process_iter(attrs=['pid', 'name']):
    ...     print(proc.info)
    ...
    {'pid': 1, 'name': 'systemd'}
    {'pid': 2, 'name': 'kthreadd'}
    {'pid': 3, 'name': 'ksoftirqd/0'}
    ...
    >>>
    >>> psutil.pid_exists(3)
    True
    >>>
    >>> def on_terminate(proc):
    ...     print("process {} terminated".format(proc))
    ...
    >>> # waits for multiple processes to terminate
    >>> gone, alive = psutil.wait_procs(procs_list, timeout=3, callback=on_terminate)
    >>>

Popen wrapper:


    >>> import psutil
    >>> from subprocess import PIPE
    >>> p = psutil.Popen(["/usr/bin/python", "-c", "print('hello')"], stdout=PIPE)
    >>> p.name()
    'python'
    >>> p.username()
    'giampaolo'
    >>> p.communicate()
    ('hello\n', None)
    >>> p.wait(timeout=2)
    0
    >>>

Windows services


    >>> list(psutil.win_service_iter())
    [<WindowsService(name='AeLookupSvc', display_name='Application Experience') at 38850096>,
     <WindowsService(name='ALG', display_name='Application Layer Gateway Service') at 38850128>,
     <WindowsService(name='APNMCP', display_name='Ask Update Service') at 38850160>,
     <WindowsService(name='AppIDSvc', display_name='Application Identity') at 38850192>,
     ...]
    >>> s = psutil.win_service_get('alg')
    >>> s.as_dict()
    {'binpath': 'C:\\Windows\\System32\\alg.exe',
     'description': 'Provides support for 3rd party protocol plug-ins for Internet Connection Sharing',
     'display_name': 'Application Layer Gateway Service',
     'name': 'alg',
     'pid': None,
     'start_type': 'manual',
     'status': 'stopped',
     'username': 'NT AUTHORITY\\LocalService'}

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