urllib3 is a powerful, user-friendly HTTP client for Python. Much of the Python ecosystem already uses urllib3 and you should too. urllib3 brings many critical features that are missing from the Python standard libraries:
- Thread safety.
- Connection pooling.
- Client-side SSL/TLS verification.
- File uploads with multipart encoding.
- Helpers for retrying requests and dealing with HTTP redirects.
- Support for gzip, deflate, and brotli encoding.
- Proxy support for HTTP and SOCKS.
- 100% test coverage.
urllib3 is powerful and easy to use:
>>> import urllib3>>> http = urllib3.PoolManager() >>> r = http.request('GET', 'http://httpbin.org/robots.txt') >>> r.status200>>> r.data'User-agent: *\nDisallow: /deny\n'
urllib3 can be installed with pip:
$ python -m pip install urllib3
Alternatively, you can grab the latest source code from GitHub:
$ git clone git://github.com/urllib3/urllib3.git $ python setup.py install
urllib3 has usage and reference documentation at urllib3.readthedocs.io.
urllib3 happily accepts contributions. Please see our contributing documentation for some tips on getting started.
To report a security vulnerability, please use the Tidelift security contact. Tidelift will coordinate the fix and disclosure with maintainers.