/ ORM

A simple and small ORM supports postgresql, mysql and sqlite

A simple and small ORM supports postgresql, mysql and sqlite

peewee

Peewee is a simple and small ORM. It has few (but expressive) concepts, making it easy to learn and intuitive to use.

  • a small, expressive ORM
  • python 2.7+ and 3.4+ (developed with 3.6)
  • supports sqlite, mysql, postgresql and cockroachdb
  • tons of extensions

Examples

Defining models is similar to Django or SQLAlchemy:

from peewee import *
import datetime


db = SqliteDatabase('my_database.db')

class BaseModel(Model):
    class Meta:
        database = db

class User(BaseModel):
    username = CharField(unique=True)

class Tweet(BaseModel):
    user = ForeignKeyField(User, backref='tweets')
    message = TextField()
    created_date = DateTimeField(default=datetime.datetime.now)
    is_published = BooleanField(default=True)

Connect to the database and create tables:

db.connect()
db.create_tables([User, Tweet])

Create a few rows:

charlie = User.create(username='charlie')
huey = User(username='huey')
huey.save()

# No need to set `is_published` or `created_date` since they
# will just use the default values we specified.
Tweet.create(user=charlie, message='My first tweet')

Queries are expressive and composable:

# A simple query selecting a user.
User.get(User.username == 'charlie')

# Get tweets created by one of several users.
usernames = ['charlie', 'huey', 'mickey']
users = User.select().where(User.username.in_(usernames))
tweets = Tweet.select().where(Tweet.user.in_(users))

# We could accomplish the same using a JOIN:
tweets = (Tweet
          .select()
          .join(User)
          .where(User.username.in_(usernames)))

# How many tweets were published today?
tweets_today = (Tweet
                .select()
                .where(
                    (Tweet.created_date >= datetime.date.today()) &
                    (Tweet.is_published == True))
                .count())

# Paginate the user table and show me page 3 (users 41-60).
User.select().order_by(User.username).paginate(3, 20)

# Order users by the number of tweets they've created:
tweet_ct = fn.Count(Tweet.id)
users = (User
         .select(User, tweet_ct.alias('ct'))
         .join(Tweet, JOIN.LEFT_OUTER)
         .group_by(User)
         .order_by(tweet_ct.desc()))

# Do an atomic update
Counter.update(count=Counter.count + 1).where(Counter.url == request.url)

Check out the example twitter app <http://docs.peewee-orm.com/en/latest/peewee/example.html>_.

GitHub

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