furl is a small Python library that makes parsing and
manipulating URLs easy.

Python’s standard urllib and urlparse modules provide a number of URL
related functions, but using these functions to perform common URL
operations proves tedious. Furl makes parsing and manipulating URLs

Furl is well tested, Unlicensed in the public domain, and supports
Python 2, Python 3, PyPy2, and PyPy3.

Code time: Paths and query arguments are easy. Really easy.

>>> from furl import furl
>>> f = furl('http://www.google.com/?one=1&two=2')
>>> f /= 'path'
>>> del f.args['one']
>>> f.args['three'] = '3'
>>> f.url

Or use furl’s inline modification methods.

>>> furl('http://www.google.com/?one=1').add({'two':'2'}).url

>>> furl('http://www.google.com/?one=1&two=2').set({'three':'3'}).url

>>> furl('http://www.google.com/?one=1&two=2').remove(['one']).url

Encoding is handled for you. Unicode, too.

>>> f = furl('http://www.google.com/')
>>> f.path = 'some encoding here'
>>> f.args['and some encoding'] = 'here, too'
>>> f.url
>>> f.set(host=u'ドメイン.テスト', path=u'джк', query=u'☃=☺')
>>> f.url

Fragments also have a path and a query.

>>> f = furl('http://www.google.com/')
>>> f.fragment.path.segments = ['two', 'directories']
>>> f.fragment.args = {'one': 'argument'}
>>> f.url

Or get fancy.

>>> f = furl('http://www.google.com/search?q=query#1')
>>> f.copy().remove(path=True).set(host='taco.com')
...  .join('/pumps.html').add(fragment_path='party').url
>>> f.asdict()
{ 'url': 'http://taco.com/pumps.html#party',
  'scheme': 'http',
  'username': None,
  'password': None,
  'host': 'taco.com',
  'host_encoded': 'taco.com',
  'port': 80,
  'netloc': 'taco.com',
  'origin': 'http://taco.com',
  'path': { 'encoded': '/pumps.html',
            'isabsolute': True,
            'isdir': False,
            'isfile': True,
            'segments': ['pumps.html']},
  'query': { 'encoded': '',
             'params': []},
  'fragment': { 'encoded': 'party',
                'path': { 'encoded': 'party',
                          'isabsolute': False,
                          'isdir': False,
                          'isfile': True,
                          'segments': ['party']},
                'query': { 'encoded': '',
                           'params': []},
                'separator': True}, }


See more furl magic and examples in furl’s API document, API.md.


Installing furl with pip is easy.

$ pip install furl