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The websocket-client module is a WebSocket client for Python. It provides access to low level APIs for WebSockets. All APIs are for synchronous functions.

websocket-client supports only hybi-13.


  • BSD


This project’s documentation can be found at


Please see the contribution guidelines at


First, install the following dependencies:

  • six
  • backports.ssl_match_hostname for Python 2.x

You can install the dependencies with the command pip install six and pip install backports.ssl_match_hostname

You can use either python install or pip install websocket-client to install. This module is tested on Python 2.7 and Python 3.4+. Python 3 support was first introduced in version 0.14.0, but is a work in progress.

Usage Tips

Check out the documentation’s FAQ for additional guidelines:


The “send” and “validate_utf8” methods are very slow in pure Python. If you want to get better performance, please install both numpy and wsaccel. Note that wsaccel can sometimes cause other issues.

HTTP proxy

This project supports WebSocket connections over a HTTP proxy. The proxy server must allow “CONNECT” method to websocket port. The default squid proxy setting is “ALLOWED TO CONNECT ONLY HTTPS PORT”.

The current implementation of websocket-client is using the “CONNECT” method via proxy. Here is an example of using a proxy:

import websocket
ws = websocket.WebSocket()
ws.connect("ws://", http_proxy_host="proxy_host_name", http_proxy_port=3128)

Long-lived connection

This example is similar to how WebSocket code looks in browsers using JavaScript.

import websocket
    import thread
except ImportError:
    import _thread as thread
import time

def on_message(ws, message):

def on_error(ws, error):

def on_close(ws):
    print("### closed ###")

def on_open(ws):
    def run(*args):
        for i in range(3):
            ws.send("Hello %d" % i)
        print("thread terminating...")
    thread.start_new_thread(run, ())

if __name__ == "__main__":
    ws = websocket.WebSocketApp("ws://",
                              on_message = on_message,
                              on_error = on_error,
                              on_close = on_close)
    ws.on_open = on_open

Short-lived one-off send-receive

This is if you want to communicate a short message and disconnect immediately when done.

from websocket import create_connection
ws = create_connection("ws://")
print("Sending 'Hello, World'...")
ws.send("Hello, World")
result =  ws.recv()
print("Received '%s'" % result)

If you want to customize socket options, set sockopt, as seen below:

from websocket import create_connection
ws = create_connection("ws://",
                        sockopt=((socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_NODELAY),))

More advanced: custom class

You can also write your own class for the connection, if you want to handle the nitty-gritty details yourself.

import socket
from websocket import create_connection, WebSocket
class MyWebSocket(WebSocket):
    def recv_frame(self):
        frame = super().recv_frame()
        print('yay! I got this frame: ', frame)
        return frame

ws = create_connection("ws://",
                        sockopt=((socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_NODELAY, 1),), class_=MyWebSocket)


Thanks to @battlemidget and @ralphbean for helping migrate this project to Python 3.