PyChemia

PyChemia is an open-source Python Library for materials structural search. The purpose of the initiative is to create a method agnostic framework for materials discovery and design using a variety of methods from Minima Hoping to Soft-computing based methods. PyChemia is also a library for data-mining, using several methods to discover interesting candidates among the materials already processed.

The core of the library is the Structure python class, it is able to describe periodic and non-periodic structures. As the focus of this library is structural search the class defines extensive capabilities to modify atomic structures.

The library includes capability to read and write in several ab-initio codes. At the level of DFT, PyChemia support VASP, ABINIT and Octopus. At Tight-binding level development is in process to support DFTB+ and Fireball. This allows the library to compute electronic-structure properties using state-of-the-art ab-initio software packages and extract properties from those calculations.

Installation

You can install pychemia in several ways. We are showing 3 ways of installing PyChemia inside a Virtual environment. A virtual environment is a good way of isolating software packages from the pacakges installed with the Operating System. The decision on which method to use depends if you want to use the most recent code or the package uploaded from time to time to PyPi. The last method is particularly suited for developers who want to change the code and get those changes operative without an explicit instalation.

Installing with pip from pypi.org on a virtual environment

This method installs PyChemia from the packages uploaded to PyPi every month. It will provides a version of PyChemia that is stable.

First, create and activate the virtual environment. We are using the name pychemia_ve, but that is arbitrary.

virtualenv pychemia_ve
source pychemia_ve/bin/activate

When the virtual environment is activated, your prompt changes to (pychemia_ve)...$. Now, install pychemia with pip

pip install pychemia

Installing with pip from a cloned repo on a virtual environment

This method installs PyChemia from the Github repo. The method will install PyChemia from the most recent sources.

First, create and activate the virtual environment. We are using the name pychemia_ve, but that is arbitrary.

virtualenv pychemia_ve
source pychemia_ve/bin/activate

Second, clone the repository from GitHub

git clone https://github.com/MaterialsDiscovery/PyChemia.git

Finally, install from the repo folder

pip install PyChemia

Using PyChemia from repo folder on a virtual environment

This method is mostly used for development. In this way PyChemia is not actually installed and changes to the code will take inmediate effect.

First, create and activate the virtual environment. We are using the name pychemia_ve, but that is arbitrary.

virtualenv pychemia_ve
source pychemia_ve/bin/activate

Clone the repository

git clone https://github.com/MaterialsDiscovery/PyChemia.git

Go to repo folder, install Cython with pip and execute setup.py to build the Cython modules.

cd PyChemia
pip install Cython
python3 setup.py build_ext --inplace
python3 setup.py build

Finally, install the packages required for PyChemia to work

pip install -r requirements.txt

Set the variable $PYTHONPATH to point to PyChemia folder, in the case of bash it will be:

export PYTHONPATH=`path`

On C shell (csh or tcsh)

setenv PYTHONPATH `path`

PyChemia requirements

PyChemia relies on a number of other python packages to operate. Some of them are mandatory and they must be installed. Other packages are optional and their absence will only constrain certain capabilities.

Mandatory

  1. Python >= 3.6 The library is tested on Travis for Python 3.6 up to 3.9 Support for Python 2.7 has been removed

    https://travis-ci.org/MaterialsDiscovery/PyChemia

  2. Numpy >= 1.19 Fundamental library for numerical intensive computation in Python. Numpy arrays are essential for efficient array manipulation.

  3. SciPy >= 1.5 Used mostly for Linear Algebra, FFT and spatial routines.

  4. Spglib >= 1.9 Used to determine symmetry groups for periodic structures

  5. Matplotlib >= 3.3 Used to plot band structures, densities of states and other 2D plots

  6. PyMongo >= 3.11 Used for structural search PyChemia relies strongly in MongoDB and its python driver. For the MongoDB server, any version beyond 3.11 should be fine. We have tested pychemia on MongoDB 4.0

  7. psutil >= 5.8 Cross-platform lib for process and system monitoring in Python

Optional

  1. nose >= 1.3.7 A python library for testing, simply go to the source directory and execute

    nosetests -v

  2. pytest Another utility for testing.

  3. Pandas Library for Data Analysis used by the datamining modules

  4. PyMC PyMC is a python module that implements Bayesian statistical models and fitting algorithms Important for the datamining capabilities of PyChemia

  5. Mayavi >= 4.1 Some basic visualization tools are incorporated using this library

  6. ScientificPython >2.6 This library is used for reading and writing NetCDF files

  7. pymatgen >= 2.9 pymatgen is an excellent library for materials analysis

  8. ASE Atomic Simulation Environment is another good library for ab-initio calculations. Quite impressive for the number of ab-initio packages supported

  9. qmpy The Python library behind the Open Quantum Materials Database. The OQMD is a database of DFT calculated structures. For the time being the database contains more than 300000 structures, with more than 90% of them with the electronic ground-state computed.

  10. coverage >= 4.0.1 Provides code coverage analysis

  11. python-coveralls To submit coverage information to coveralls.io

    https://coveralls.io/github/MaterialsDiscovery/PyChemia

Documentation

Instructions for installation, using and programming scripts with PyChemia can be found on two repositories for documentation:

Documentation is hosted on Read the Docs also available with Short URLs readthedocs and rtfd

Documentation is also hosted on Python Hosted

Sources

The main repository is on GitHub

Sources and wheel binaries are also distrubuted on PyPI or PyPI

Structure of the Library

PyChemia_code

PyChemia_workflow

GitHub

https://github.com/MaterialsDiscovery/PyChemia