Private WireGuard VPN on Azure

This is just a quick run-down on setting up a private WG vpn server on Azure in a semi-automated fashion. This can be ideal for:

  • Short term needs (eg I'm travelling somewhere and need a private connection)
  • I need a public IP in X region for Y reason
  • Long term use as well perhaps

The Azure ARM template will use a Standard B1ms host for the VM which is about £12 a month so it is not overly pricey.

Prepare

First you will need to generate the WireGuard client key material on your local host.

wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey
wg genpsk > presharedkey

Next generate an SSH keypair for the Azure VM. Note that when you let a user manually enter their public key as an Azure ARM parameter in the UI then it has to be in the ssh-rsa format.

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048

Open wg.yml and fill in your WG public key and PSK on line 5 & 6.

  vars:
    userPublicKey: XXXXXX
    userPSK: XXXXXX

Deploy

You can deploy the ARM template as you wish but I have personally set up a Template specs library in a dedicated resource group so I would import the template there. After importing you can simply click deploy. You will see a screen like the one below.

1--1-

You should change the Deployment_Region_WG to be whichever region you want your endpoint to be in (japaneast in my example) and paste your SSH public key in Deployment_SSH_Public_key. Then just complete the wizard.

When they deployment has completed successfully, click on the outputs tab on the left, this will give you the public IP of the VM and the SSH user name.

2

Configure

Now just run the ansible playbook and wait for it to finish.

echo PUBLIC_IP > host.txt
ansible-playbook -i host.txt -u wg --private-key=id_rsa wg.yml

Right at the end, you will see that the playbook returns two debug messages which will give you details you need to fill in the WG client profile.

TASK [Server Public IP] *******************************************************ok: [20.xx.xx.xx] => {
    "msg": "Public Endpoint - 20.xx.xx.xx"
}

TASK [Server Public Key] ******************************************************ok: [20.xx.xx.xx] => {
    "msg": "Public Key - ZIWF0/qXJbNcN2b5upv3Za8Mh953ZJmyTj/yrmsRfEA="
}

Connect

Grab the client.conf and fill in the missing details.

[Interface]
PrivateKey = <YOUR PRIVATE KEY>
ListenPort = 51820
Address = 10.9.0.2/32
DNS = 1.1.1.1
MTU = 1420

[Peer]
PublicKey = <SERVER PUBLIC KEY>
PresharedKey = <YOUR PSK>
AllowedIPs = 0.0.0.0/0
Endpoint = <SERVER PUBLIC IP>:51820
PersistentKeepalive = 15

Then simply configure WG using your platform specific method. In my case after establishing the connection I expect to see a connection in Japan.

[email protected]:~/wg$ curl https://ipinfo.io
{
  "ip": "20.xx.xx.xx",
  "city": "Tokyo",
  "region": "Tokyo",
  "country": "JP",
  "loc": "35.6895,139.6917",
  "org": "AS8075 Microsoft Corporation",
  "postal": "151-0052",
  "timezone": "Asia/Tokyo",
  "readme": "https://ipinfo.io/missingauth"
}

WireGuard also has an app on Android (and I assume IOS). After you install the app you will be able to import a profile using a QR code, to generate that code you can do the following on your local host.

qrencode -t ansiutf8 < client.conf

3--1-

GitHub