Official repo for AutoInt: Automatic Integration for Fast Neural Volume Rendering in CVPR 2021

PyTorch implementation of automatic integration.
AutoInt: Automatic Integration for Fast Neural Volume Rendering
David B. Lindell*, Julien N. P. Martel*, Gordon Wetzstein
Stanford University
*denotes equal contribution
in CVPR 2021


To get started quickly, we provide a collab link above. Otherwise, you can clone this repo and follow the below instructions.

To setup a conda environment, download example training data, begin the training process, and launch Tensorboard:

conda env create -f environment.yml
conda activate autoint 
cd experiment_scripts
tensorboard --logdir=../logs --port=6006

This example will fit a grad network to a 1D signal and evaluate the integral. You can monitor the training in your browser at localhost:6006. You can also train a network on the sparse tomography problem presented in the paper with python

Autoint for Neural Rendering

Automatic integration can be used to learn closed form solutions to the volume rendering equation, which is an integral equation accumulates transmittance and emittance along rays to render an image. While conventional neural renderers require hundreds of samples along each ray to evaluate these integrals (and hence hundreds of costly forward passes through a network), AutoInt allows evaluating these integrals far fewer forward passes.


To run AutoInt for neural rendering, first set up the conda environment with

conda env create -f environment.yml
conda activate autoint 

Then, download the datasets to the data folder. We allow training on any of three datasets. The synthetic Blender data from NeRF and the LLFF scenes are hosted here. The DeepVoxels data are hosted here.

Finally, use the provided config files in the experiment_scripts/configs folder to train on these datasets. For example, to train on a NeRF Blender dataset, run the following

python --config ./configs/config_blender_tiny.ini
tensorboard --logdir=../logs/ --port=6006

This will train a small, low-resolution scene. To train scenes at high-resolution (requires a few days of training time), use the config_blender.ini, config_deepvoxels.ini, or config_llff.ini config files.


Rendering from a trained model can be done with the following command.

python --config /path/to/config/file --render_model ../logs/path/to/log/directory <epoch number> --render_ouput /path/to/output/folder

Here, the --render_model command indicates the log directory where the code saves the models and checkpoints. For example, this would be ../logs/blender_lego for the default Blender dataset. Then, the epoch number can be found by looking at numbers of the the saved checkpoint filenames in ../logs/blender_lego/checkpoints/. Finally, --render_output should specify a folder where the output rendered images will be generated.


  title={AutoInt: Automatic Integration for Fast Neural Volume Rendering},
  author={David B. Lindell and Julien N. P. Martel and Gordon Wetzstein},
  booktitle={Proc. CVPR},