Motionformer

This is an official pytorch implementation of paper Keeping Your Eye on the Ball: Trajectory Attention in Video Transformers. In this repository, we provide PyTorch code for training and testing our proposed Motionformer model. Motionformer use proposed trajectory attention to achieve state-of-the-art results on several video action recognition benchmarks such as Kinetics-400 and Something-Something V2.

If you find Motionformer useful in your research, please use the following BibTeX entry for citation.

@misc{patrick2021keeping,
      title={Keeping Your Eye on the Ball: Trajectory Attention in Video Transformers}, 
      author={Mandela Patrick and Dylan Campbell and Yuki M. Asano and Ishan Misra Florian Metze and Christoph Feichtenhofer and Andrea Vedaldi and Jo\ão F. Henriques},
      year={2021},
      eprint={2106.05392},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CV}
}

Model Zoo

We provide Motionformer models pretrained on Kinetics-400 (K400), Kinetics-600 (K600), Something-Something-V2 (SSv2), and Epic-Kitchens datasets.

name dataset # of frames spatial crop acc@1 acc@5 url
Joint K400 16 224 79.2 94.2 model
Divided K400 16 224 78.5 93.8 model
Motionformer K400 16 224 79.7 94.2 model
Motionformer-HR K400 16 336 81.1 95.2 model
Motionformer-L K400 32 224 80.2 94.8 model
name dataset # of frames spatial crop acc@1 acc@5 url
Motionformer K600 16 224 81.6 95.6 model
Motionformer-HR K600 16 336 82.7 96.1 model
Motionformer-L K600 32 224 82.2 96.0 model
name dataset # of frames spatial crop acc@1 acc@5 url
Joint SSv2 16 224 64.0 88.4 model
Divided SSv2 16 224 64.2 88.6 model
Motionformer SSv2 16 224 66.5 90.1 model
Motionformer-HR SSv2 16 336 67.1 90.6 model
Motionformer-L SSv2 32 224 68.1 91.2 model
name dataset # of frames spatial crop A acc N acc url
Motionformer EK 16 224 43.1 56.5 model
Motionformer-HR EK 16 336 44.5 58.5 model
Motionformer-L EK 32 224 44.1 57.6 model

Installation

First, create a conda virtual environment and activate it:

conda create -n motionformer python=3.8.5 -y
source activate motionformer

Then, install the following packages:

  • torchvision: pip install torchvision or conda install torchvision -c pytorch
  • fvcore: pip install 'git+https://github.com/facebookresearch/fvcore'
  • simplejson: pip install simplejson
  • einops: pip install einops
  • timm: pip install timm
  • PyAV: conda install av -c conda-forge
  • psutil: pip install psutil
  • scikit-learn: pip install scikit-learn
  • OpenCV: pip install opencv-python
  • tensorboard: pip install tensorboard
  • matplotlib: pip install matplotlib
  • pandas: pip install pandas
  • ffmeg: pip install ffmpeg-python

OR:

simply create conda environment with all packages just from yaml file:

conda env create -f environment.yml

Lastly, build the Motionformer codebase by running:

git clone https://github.com/facebookresearch/Motionformer
cd Motionformer
python setup.py build develop

Usage

Dataset Preparation

Please use the dataset preparation instructions provided in DATASET.md.

Training the Default Motionformer

Training the default Motionformer that uses trajectory attention, and operates on 16-frame clips cropped at 224x224 spatial resolution, can be done using the following command:

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  NUM_GPUS 8 \
  TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE 8 \

You may need to pass location of your dataset in the command line by adding DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset, or you can simply modify

DATA:
  PATH_TO_DATA_DIR: path_to_your_dataset

To the yaml configs file, then you do not need to pass it to the command line every time.

Using a Different Number of GPUs

If you want to use a smaller number of GPUs, you need to modify .yaml configuration files in configs/. Specifically, you need to modify the NUM_GPUS, TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE, TEST.BATCH_SIZE, DATA_LOADER.NUM_WORKERS entries in each configuration file. The BATCH_SIZE entry should be the same or higher as the NUM_GPUS entry.

Using Different Self-Attention Schemes

If you want to experiment with different space-time self-attention schemes, e.g., joint space-time attention or divided space-time attention, use the following commands:

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/joint_224_16x4.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  NUM_GPUS 8 \
  TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE 8 \

and

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/divided_224_16x4.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  NUM_GPUS 8 \
  TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE 8 \

Training Different Motionformer Variants

If you want to train more powerful Motionformer variants, e.g., Motionformer-HR (operating on 16-frame clips sampled at 336x336 spatial resolution), and Motionformer-L (operating on 32-frame clips sampled at 224x224 spatial resolution), use the following commands:

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/motionformer_336_16x8.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  NUM_GPUS 8 \
  TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE 8 \

and

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/motionformer_224_32x3.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  NUM_GPUS 8 \
  TRAIN.BATCH_SIZE 8 \

Note that for these models you will need a set of GPUs with ~32GB of memory.

Inference

Use TRAIN.ENABLE and TEST.ENABLE to control whether training or testing is required for a given run. When testing, you also have to provide the path to the checkpoint model via TEST.CHECKPOINT_FILE_PATH.

python tools/run_net.py \
  --cfg configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml \
  DATA.PATH_TO_DATA_DIR path_to_your_dataset \
  TEST.CHECKPOINT_FILE_PATH path_to_your_checkpoint \
  TRAIN.ENABLE False \

Alterantively, you can modify provided SLURM script and run following:

sbatch slurm_scripts/test.sh configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml path_to_your_checkpoint

Single-Node Training via Slurm

To train Motionformer via Slurm, please check out our single node Slurm training script slurm_scripts/run_single_node_job.sh.

sbatch slurm_scripts/run_single_node_job.sh configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml /your/job/dir/${JOB_NAME}/

Multi-Node Training via Submitit

Distributed training is available via Slurm and submitit

pip install submitit

To train Motionformer model on Kinetics using 8 nodes with 8 gpus each use the following command:

python run_with_submitit.py --cfg configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml --job_dir  /your/job/dir/${JOB_NAME}/ --partition $PARTITION --num_shards 8 --use_volta32

We provide a script for launching slurm jobs in slurm_scripts/run_multi_node_job.sh.

sbatch slurm_scripts/run_multi_node_job.sh configs/K400/motionformer_224_16x4.yaml /your/job/dir/${JOB_NAME}/

Please note that hyper-parameters in configs were used with 8 nodes with 8 gpus (32 GB). Please scale batch-size, and learning-rate appropriately for your cluster configuration.

Finetuning

To finetune from an existing PyTorch checkpoint add the following line in the command line, or you can also add it in the YAML config:

TRAIN.CHECKPOINT_EPOCH_RESET: True
TRAIN.CHECKPOINT_FILE_PATH path_to_your_PyTorch_checkpoint

Environment

The code was developed using python 3.8.5 on Ubuntu 20.04. For training, we used eight GPU compute nodes each node containing 8 Tesla V100 GPUs (32 GPUs in total). Other platforms or GPU cards have not been fully tested.

GitHub

https://github.com/facebookresearch/Motionformer