FastSpeech 2 – PyTorch Implementation

This is a PyTorch implementation of Microsoft’s text-to-speech system FastSpeech 2: Fast and High-Quality End-to-End Text to Speech. This project is based on xcmyz’s implementation of FastSpeech. Feel free to use/modify the code.

There are several versions of FastSpeech 2. This implementation is more similar to version 1, which uses F0 values as the pitch features. On the other hand, pitch spectrograms extracted by continuous wavelet transform are used as the pitch features in the later versions.


  • 2021/7/8: Release the checkpoint and audio samples of a multi-speaker English TTS model trained on LibriTTS
  • 2021/2/26: Support English and Mandarin TTS
  • 2021/2/26: Support multi-speaker TTS (AISHELL-3 and LibriTTS)
  • 2021/2/26: Support MelGAN and HiFi-GAN vocoder

Audio Samples

Audio samples generated by this implementation can be found here.



You can install the Python dependencies with

pip3 install -r requirements.txt


You have to download the pretrained models and put them in output/ckpt/LJSpeech/, output/ckpt/AISHELL3, or output/ckpt/LibriTTS/.

For English single-speaker TTS, run

python3 --text "YOUR_DESIRED_TEXT" --restore_step 900000 --mode single -p config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml -m config/LJSpeech/model.yaml -t config/LJSpeech/train.yaml

For Mandarin multi-speaker TTS, try

python3 --text "大家好" --speaker_id SPEAKER_ID --restore_step 600000 --mode single -p config/AISHELL3/preprocess.yaml -m config/AISHELL3/model.yaml -t config/AISHELL3/train.yaml

For English multi-speaker TTS, run

python3 --text "YOUR_DESIRED_TEXT"  --speaker_id SPEAKER_ID --restore_step 800000 --mode single -p config/LibriTTS/preprocess.yaml -m config/LibriTTS/model.yaml -t config/LibriTTS/train.yaml

The generated utterances will be put in output/result/.

Here is an example of synthesized mel-spectrogram of the sentence “Printing, in the only sense with which we are at present concerned, differs from most if not from all the arts and crafts represented in the Exhibition”, with the English single-speaker TTS model.

Batch Inference

Batch inference is also supported, try

python3 --source preprocessed_data/LJSpeech/val.txt --restore_step 900000 --mode batch -p config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml -m config/LJSpeech/model.yaml -t config/LJSpeech/train.yaml

to synthesize all utterances in preprocessed_data/LJSpeech/val.txt


The pitch/volume/speaking rate of the synthesized utterances can be controlled by specifying the desired pitch/energy/duration ratios. For example, one can increase the speaking rate by 20 % and decrease the volume by 20 % by

python3 --text "YOUR_DESIRED_TEXT" --restore_step 900000 --mode single -p config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml -m config/LJSpeech/model.yaml -t config/LJSpeech/train.yaml --duration_control 0.8 --energy_control 0.8



The supported datasets are

  • LJSpeech: a single-speaker English dataset consists of 13100 short audio clips of a female speaker reading passages from 7 non-fiction books, approximately 24 hours in total.
  • AISHELL-3: a Mandarin TTS dataset with 218 male and female speakers, roughly 85 hours in total.
  • LibriTTS: a multi-speaker English dataset containing 585 hours of speech by 2456 speakers.

We take LJSpeech as an example hereafter.


First, run

python3 config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml

for some preparations.

As described in the paper, Montreal Forced Aligner (MFA) is used to obtain the alignments between the utterances and the phoneme sequences. Alignments of the supported datasets are provided here. You have to unzip the files in preprocessed_data/LJSpeech/TextGrid/.

After that, run the preprocessing script by

python3 config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml

Alternately, you can align the corpus by yourself. Download the official MFA package and run

./montreal-forced-aligner/bin/mfa_align raw_data/LJSpeech/ lexicon/librispeech-lexicon.txt english preprocessed_data/LJSpeech


./montreal-forced-aligner/bin/mfa_train_and_align raw_data/LJSpeech/ lexicon/librispeech-lexicon.txt preprocessed_data/LJSpeech

to align the corpus and then run the preprocessing script.

python3 config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml


Train your model with

python3 -p config/LJSpeech/preprocess.yaml -m config/LJSpeech/model.yaml -t config/LJSpeech/train.yaml

The model takes less than 10k steps (less than 1 hour on my GTX1080Ti GPU) of training to generate audio samples with acceptable quality, which is much more efficient than the autoregressive models such as Tacotron2.



tensorboard --logdir output/log/LJSpeech

to serve TensorBoard on your localhost. The loss curves, synthesized mel-spectrograms, and audios are shown.

Implementation Issues

  • Following xcmyz’s implementation, I use an additional Tacotron-2-styled Post-Net after the decoder, which is not used in the original FastSpeech 2.
  • Gradient clipping is used in the training.
  • In my experience, using phoneme-level pitch and energy prediction instead of frame-level prediction results in much better prosody, and normalizing the pitch and energy features also helps. Please refer to config/ for more details.

Please inform me if you find any mistakes in this repo, or any useful tips to train the FastSpeech 2 model.



  author={Chien, Chung-Ming and Lin, Jheng-Hao and Huang, Chien-yu and Hsu, Po-chun and Lee, Hung-yi},
  booktitle={ICASSP 2021 - 2021 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)}, 
  title={Investigating on Incorporating Pretrained and Learnable Speaker Representations for Multi-Speaker Multi-Style Text-to-Speech},