to minterpy *sth.* (transitive verb) — to produce a multivariate polynomial representation of *sth.* .

— The minterpy developers in [“Lifting the curse of dimensionality”](link-to-math-intro)

minterpy is an open-source Python package for a multivariate generalization
of the classical Newton and Lagrange interpolation schemes as well as related tasks.
It is based on an optimized re-implementation of
the multivariate interpolation prototype algorithm (MIP) by Hecht et al.1
and thereby provides software solutions that lift the curse of dimensionality from interpolation tasks.
While interpolation occurs as the bottleneck of most computational challenges,
minterpy aims to free empirical sciences from their computational limitations.

minterpy is continuously extended and improved
by adding further functionality and modules that provide novel digital solutions
to a broad field of computational challenges, including but not limited to:

  • multivariate interpolation
  • non-linear polynomial regression
  • numerical integration
  • global (black-box) optimization
  • surface level-set methods
  • non-periodic spectral partial differential equations (PDE) solvers on
    flat and complex geometries
  • machine learning regularization
  • data reconstruction
  • computational solutions in algebraic geometry


Since this implementation is a prototype,
we currently only provide the installation by self-building from source.
We recommend to use git to get the minterpy source:

git clone

Within the source directory,
you may use the following package manager to install minterpy.

A best practice is to create a virtual environment for minterpy.
You can do this with the help of conda and the environment.yaml by:

conda env create -f environment.yaml

A new conda environment called minterpy is created.
Activate the new environment by:

conda activate minterpy

From within the environment, install the minterpy using pip,

pip install [-e] .[all,dev,docs]

where the flag -e means the package is directly linked
into the python site-packages of your Python version.
The options [all,dev,docs] refer to the requirements defined
in the options.extras_require section in setup.cfg.

You must not use the command python install to install minterpy,
as you cannot always assume the files will always be present
in the further development of minterpy.

Finally, if you want to deactivate the conda environment, type:

conda deactivate

Alternative to conda, you can create a new virtual environment via
venv, virtualenv, or pyenv-virtualenv.
See for details.


With minterpy one can easily interpolate a given function.
For instance, take the function f(x) = x\sin(10x) in one dimension:

    import numpy as np

    def test_function(x):
        return x * np.sin(10*x)

In order to minterpy the function test_function
one can use the top-level function interpolate:

    import minterpy as mp

    interpolant = mp.interpolate(test_function,spatial_dimension=1, poly_degree=64)

Here, interpolant is a callable function,
which can be used as a representation of test_function.
interpolate takes as arguments the function to interpolate,
the number of dimensions (spatial_dimension),
and the degree of the underlying polynomial (poly_degree).

You may adjust this parameter in order to get higher accuracy.
For the example above, a degree of 64 produces an interpolant which reproduces
the test_function almost up to machine precision:

    import matplotlib.pylab as plt

    x = np.linspace(-1,1,100)

    plt.plot(x,test_function(x),"k.",label="test function")

Compare test function with its interpolant
For a more comprehensive examples, see the getting started guides
section of the minterpy docs.


After installation, we encourage you to at least run the unit tests of minterpy,
where we use pytest to run the tests.

If you want to run all tests, type:

pytest [-vvv]

from within the minterpy source directory.

Contributing to minterpy

Contributions to the minterpy packages are highly welcome.
We recommend you to have a look at the first.
For a more comprehensive contribution guide visit
the Contributors section of the documentation.

Credits and contributors

This work was partly funded by the Center for Advanced Systems Understanding (CASUS)
that is financed by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
and by the Saxony Ministry for Science, Culture and Tourism (SMWK)
with tax funds on the basis of the budget approved by the Saxony State Parliament.

The minterpy development team

The core development of the minterpy is currently done
by a small team at the Center for Advanced Systems Understanding (CASUS),

Mathematical foundation

Former Members and Contributions

  • Jannik Michelfeit
  • Nico Hoffman (HZDR)
  • Steve Schmerler (HZDR)
  • Vidya Chandrashekar (TU Dresden)



This package would not be possible without many contributions done
from the community as well.
For that we want to send big thanks to:

  • the guy who will show me how to include a list of contributors on github/gitlab


🚧 Add here the informations how to cite minterpy.


MIT © minterpy development team

🚧 🚧 Useful badges:

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Documentation Status
Code style: black

PyPI version
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🚧 🚧 Todos

  • insert missing links
  • add sponsor logos (CASUS, HZDR, CSBD?, MPI-CBG?)
  • write shorter installation section
  • write more comprehensive quickstart (maybe higher dimensionality)
  • discuss the License we want to use


  1. arXiv:2010.10824


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