The smart password spraying and bruteforcing tool for Active Directory Domain Services.
:warning: This project is actually in an alpha state. It has not been tested in many real life environments for now. Expect the unexpected...
This tool can be used to bruteforce/spray Active Directory accounts credentials. The following attacks are supported, each attack has its own benefits:
- NTLM over SMB bruteforce: when valid accounts are found, they will be tested for local administrative privileges.
- NTLM over LDAP bruteforce
- Kerberos pre-authentication bruteforce: this is the fastest and stealthiest way.
- The transport protocol can be chosen: UDP or TCP. UDP is the fastest but sometimes throws errors.
- The etype can be chosen: RC4, AES128, AES256. RC4 is the fastest but AES128 and AES256 are the stealthiest.
Passwords are not the only secrets that can be bruteforced with this tool.
- When bruteforcing on NTLM: NT hashes can be attempted.
- When bruteforcing on Kerberos: RC4 keys (i.e. NT hashes) can be attempted.
When valid accounts are found:
- they can be set as owned in a neo4j database (used by BloodHound)
- when using neo4j, owned users that are on a path to Domain Admins will be highlighted
This tool can be used in two different modes for different scenarios:
This mode can be used to make sure NOT to lock any account when bruteforcing by:
- Fetching the enabled users from Active Directory
- Fetching bad password count for each user
- Fetching lockout policies (global policy and granular policies set in Password Settings Objects). Nota bene: PSOs can be applied to groups, the tool recursively lists all members from those groups and sets the appropriate lockout threshold for each user.
- Bruteforcing users according to the information found (i.e. keep the bad password count below the lockout threshold. A safety margin can be set).
In order for the first LDAP enumeration to occur, this mode requires knowledge of a low-priv user credentials. The following authentications are supported:
- (NTLM) Cleartext password
- (NTLM) Pass-the-hash
- (Kerberos) Cleartext password
- (Kerberos) Pass-the-key / Overpass-the-hash
- (Kerberos) Pass-the-cache (type of Pass-the-ticket)
Before bruteforcing anything, this mode also recursively fetches the members of special groups (Administrators, Domain Admins, Entreprise Key Admins, and many more).
When valid credentials are found, if the account is part of those members, it will be highlighted.
In smart mode, bruteforce can also be skipped to only show fetched users or password policies.
brute mode doesn't require prior knowledge of a low-priv user credentials but doesn't have safety features like the
smart mode. This mode CAN effectively lock accounts.
In this mode, a username (or list of usernames) has to be supplied.
- Bruteforce can be operated line per line when supplying lists for both usernames and passwords/hashes
- On the first successful bruteforced authentication, the tool will recursively fetch (using LDAP) the members of special groups (Administrators, Domain Admins, Entreprise Key Admins, and many more). When valid credentials are found, if the account is part of those members, it will be highlighted.
- Bruteforce can be stopped when a valid account is found
This tool is designed to give its users the most control over what is happening. This leads to a complex (not complicated, there's a difference) usage.
This tool is built around multiple subparsers allocated in the following manner (cf. following graph and picture).
Pull requests are welcome. Feel free to open an issue if you want to add other features.
Credits & thanks
This tool as well as its code was inspired/based on:
We thank all contributors behind those projects.
And now, here is a collection of memes that perfectly frames this tool's spirit (feel free to contribute)