psycopg2 – Python-PostgreSQL Database Adapter
Psycopg is the most popular PostgreSQL database adapter for the Python programming language. Its main features are the complete implementation of the Python DB API 2.0 specification and the thread safety (several threads can share the same connection). It was designed for heavily multi-threaded applications that create and destroy lots of cursors and make a large number of concurrent “INSERT”s or “UPDATE”s.
Psycopg 2 is mostly implemented in C as a libpq wrapper, resulting in being both efficient and secure. It features client-side and server-side cursors, asynchronous communication and notifications, “COPY TO/COPY FROM” support. Many Python types are supported out-of-the-box and adapted to matching PostgreSQL data types; adaptation can be extended and customized thanks to a flexible objects adaptation system.
Psycopg 2 is both Unicode and Python 3 friendly.
Documentation is included in the
doc directory and is available online.
For any other resource (source code repository, bug tracker, mailing list) please check the project homepage.
If prerequisites are met, you can install psycopg like any other Python package, using
pip to download it from PyPI:
$ pip install psycopg2
setup.py if you have downloaded the source package locally:
$ python setup.py build $ sudo python setup.py install
You can also obtain a stand-alone package, not requiring a compiler or external libraries, by installing the psycopg2-binary package from PyPI:
$ pip install psycopg2-binary
The binary package is a practical choice for development and testing but in production it is advised to use the package built from sources.