Python implementation of the Corona-Warn-App (CWA) Event Registration
This is an implementation of the Protocol used to generate event and location QR codes for the Corona-Warn-App (CWA) as described in Corona-Warn-App: Documentation – Event Registration - Summary.
This is not an official implementation – use it at your own risk (as far as that's possible, these days…).
The Interface described in the Document is implemented, the undocumented pieces (Public Key Value, Seed Length, Versions etc.) have been taken from the Open Source iOS Client Application. As far as I know the interface has been fully implemented, but without an actual positive Corona Test there is no way to do an End-to-End verification.
Use as follows:
#!/usr/bin/env python3 from datetime import datetime, time, timezone import cwa_qr # Construct Event-Descriptor event_description = cwa_qr.CwaEventDescription() event_description.location_description = 'Zuhause' event_description.location_address = 'Gau-Odernheim' event_description.start_date_time = datetime(2021, 4, 25, 8, 0).astimezone(timezone.utc) event_description.end_date_time = datetime(2021, 4, 25, 18, 0).astimezone(timezone.utc) event_description.location_type = cwa_qr.CwaLocation.permanent_workplace event_description.default_check_in_length_in_minutes = 4 * 60 # Renew QR-Code every night at 4:00 seed_date = event_description.seed = cwa_qr.rollover_date(datetime.now(), time(4, 0)) print("seedDate", seed_date) event_description.seed = "Some Secret" + str(seed_date) # Generate QR-Code qr = cwa_qr.generate_qr_code(event_description) # Save as PNG img = qr.make_image(fill_color="black", back_color="white") img.save('example.png') print("generated example.png")
See example_full.py for an example using all features.
location_description: Description of the Location, Optional, String, max 100 Characters
location_address: Address of the Location, Optional, String, max 100 Characters
start_date_time: Start of the Event, Optional, datetime in UTC
end_date_time: End of the Event, Optional, datetime in UTC Caution, QR-Codes generated with different start/end times will have different Event-IDs and not warn users that have checked in with the other Code. Do not use
datetime.now()for start/end-date. For repeating Events use
cwa_qr.rollover_dateto get a defined rollover.
location_type: Type of the Location, Optional, one of
default_check_in_length_in_minutes: Default Check-out time in minutes, Optional
seed: Seed to rotate the QR-Code, Optional,
[str, bytes, int, float, date, datetime]or
None(Default). Use with caution & read below! If unsure, leave blank.
From the Documentation:
Profiling of Venues
An adversary can collect this information for a single venue by scanning the QR code and extracting and storing the data. To mitigate the risk, CWA encourages owners to regularly generate new QR codes for their venues. The more frequent QR codes are updated, the more difficult it is to keep a central database with venue data up-to-date. However, a new QR code should only be generated when no visitor is at the event or location, because visitors can only warn each other with the same QR code.
From an Application-Developers point of view, special care must be taken to decide if and when QR codes should be changed. A naive approach, i.e. changing the QR-Code on every call, would render the complete Warning-Chain totally useless without anyone noticing. Therefore, the Default of this Library as of 2021/04/26 is to not seed the QR-Codes with random values. This results in every QR-Code being generated without an explicit Seed to be identical, which minimizes the Risk of having QR-Codes that do not warn users as expected at the increased risk of profiling of Venues.
As an Application-Developer you are encouraged to ask you user if and when they want their QR-Codes to change and explain to them that they should only rotate their Codes when they are sure that nobody is at the location or in the venue for at least 30 Minutes, to allow airborne particles to settle or get filtered out. Do not make assumptions regarding a good time to rotate QR-Codes (i.e. always at 4:00 am) because they will fail so warn people in some important Situations (nightclubs, hotels, night-shift working) without anyone noticing.
To disable rotation of QR-Codes, specify None as the Seed (Default behaviour).
The Library also gives you a utility to allow rotating QR-Codes at a given time of the day. Please make sure to also integrate some kind of Secret into the seed, to prevent an adversary from calculating future QR-Codes. The Secret must stay constant over time, or the resulting QR-Codes will not correctly trigger warnings.
import io from datetime import datetime, time import cwa_qr # Construct Event-Descriptor event_description = cwa_qr.CwaEventDescription() # … seed_date = cwa_qr.rollover_date(datetime.now(), time(4, 0)) event_description.seed = "Some Secret" + str(seed_date)
this will keep the date-based seed until 4:00 am on the next day and only then roll over to the next day. See test_rollover.py for an in-depth look at the rollover code.
This Library has Support for compositing the QR-Code with a Poster, explaining its usage: "Checken Sie ein, stoppen Sie das Virus". The Poster-Functionality works by composing the QR-Code SVG with the Poster-SVG and thus only supports SVG-Output. Both Landscape and Portrait-Posters are supported.
See example_full.py for an Example on how to use the Poster-Functionality.
This library supports Python 3.6+, however there is a backport to Python 2 available at https://github.com/MaZderMind/cwa-qr/tree/py2