Neural collaborative filtering(NCF), is a deep learning based framework for making recommendations. The key idea is to learn the user-item interaction using neural networks. Check the follwing paper for details about NCF.
He, Xiangnan, et al. "Neural collaborative filtering." Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on World Wide Web. International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, 2017.
The authors of NCF actually published a nice implementation written in tensorflow(keras). This repo instead provides my implementation written in pytorch. I hope it would be helpful to pytorch fans. Have fun playing with it !
data.py: prepare train/test dataset
utils.py: some handy functions for model training etc.
metrics.py: evaluation metrics including hit ratio(HR) and NDCG
gmf.py: generalized matrix factorization model
mlp.py: multi-layer perceptron model
neumf.py: fusion of gmf and mlp
engine.py: training engine
train.py: entry point for train a NCF model
The hyper params are not tuned. Better performance can be achieved with careful tuning, especially for the MLP model. Pretraining the user embedding & item embedding might be helpful to improve the performance of the MLP model.
Experiments' results with
num_negative_samples = 4 and
dim_latent_factor=8 are shown as follows
Note that the MLP model was trained from scratch but the authors suggest that the performance might be boosted by pretrain the embedding layer with GMF model.
The pretrained version converges much faster.
L2 regularization for GMF model
Large l2 regularization might lead to the bug of
L2 regularization for MLP model
a bit l2 regulzrization seems to improve the performance of the MLP model
MLP with pretrained user/item embedding
Pre-training the MLP model with user/item embedding from the trained GMF gives better result.
MLP network size = [16, 64, 32, 16, 8]
Implicit feedback without pretrain
Ratings are set to 1 (interacted) or 0 (uninteracted). Train from scratch.
The repo works under torch 1.0. You can find the old versions working under torch 0.2 and 0.4 in tags.
- Batchify the test data to handle large dataset.