/ Caching

Render template parts with extended cache control

Render template parts with extended cache control

django-viewlet

Render template parts with extended cache control.

Installation

Install django-viewlet in your python environment

.. code-block:: sh

$ pip install django-viewlet

Supports Django versions 1.3 - 2.0 and Python versions 2.6 - 3.6.

Configuration

Add viewlet to your INSTALLED_APPS setting so Django can find the template tag

.. code-block:: python

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    'viewlet',
)

Jinja2


If you're using Jinja2 as your template engine for Django versions < 1.8,
put this in your Django settings:

.. code-block:: python

VIEWLET_TEMPLATE_ENGINE = 'jinja2'

If you're using Coffin or Jingo, add the ViewletExtension to their settings,
and optionally switch to their respective environment.

Coffin:

.. code-block:: python

JINJA2_EXTENSIONS = (
    ...
    'viewlet.loaders.jinja2_loader.ViewletExtension',
)

VIEWLET_JINJA2_ENVIRONMENT = 'coffin.common.env'

Jingo:

.. code-block:: python

JINJA_CONFIG = {
    'extensions': (
        ...
       'viewlet.loaders.jinja2_loader.ViewletExtension',
    ),
}

VIEWLET_JINJA2_ENVIRONMENT = 'jingo.get_env'

Django 1.8+:

Add ViewletExtension to the list of extensions of Jinja2 template engine

.. code-block:: python

TEMPLATES = [
    {
        'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.jinja2.Jinja2',
        # ...
        'OPTIONS': {
            # ...
            'extensions': [
                # ...
                'viewlet.loaders.jinja2_loader.ViewletExtension',
            ],
        }
    }
],

Usage

A viewlet is almost like a function based django view, taking a template context
as first argument instead of request.
Place your viewlets in viewlets.py or existing views.py in your django app directory.

.. code-block:: python

from django.template.loader import render_to_string
from viewlet import viewlet

@viewlet
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

You can then render the viewlet with the viewlet template tag:

.. code-block:: html

{% load viewlets %}
<p>{% viewlet hello_user request.user.username %}</p>

... and in your Jinja2 templates:

.. code-block:: html

<p>{% viewlet 'host_sponsors', host.id) %}</p>

Specifying cache backend


By default viewlet will try using viewlet cache alias, falling back to default. You can specify
which alias should be used in settings:

.. code-block:: python

VIEWLET_DEFAULT_CACHE_ALIAS = 'template_cache'

CACHES = {
    # ...
    'template_cache': {
        # ...
    },
    # ...
}

Additionally, you can override cache alias in viewlet decorator with using argument

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(using='super_cache')
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

Refreshing viewlets


A cached viewlet can be re-rendered and updated behind the scenes with viewlet.refresh

.. code-block:: python

import viewlet
viewlet.refresh('hello_user', 'monkey')
# or
hello_user.refresh('monkey')

The decorator


.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(name, template, key, timeout)
  • name
    Optional reference name for the viewlet, defaults to function name.
  • template
    Optional path to template. If specified the viewlet must return a context dict,
    otherwise it is responsible to return the rendered output itself.
  • key
    Optional cache key, if not specified a dynamic key will be generated viewlet:name(args...)
  • timeout
    Cache timeout. Defaults to configured cache backend default timeout, None = eternal, 0 = uncached.

Examples


The content returned by the viewlet will by default be cached. Use the timeout argument to change this.

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(timeout=30*60)
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

..

**Tip:** Set ``timeout`` to ``None`` to cache forever and use ``viewlet.refresh`` to update the cache.

Django viewlet will by default build a cache key viewlet:name(args...).
To customize this key pass a string to the viewlet decorator argument key that includes string mod operators for each
viewlet argument.

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(timeout=30*60, key='some_cache_key_%s')
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

Django viewlet will cache returned context instead of html by using the template decorator argument.
This is useful if cached html is too heavy, or your viewlet template needs to be rendered on every call.
The specified template will then be rendered with the viewlet context merged with the parent context, usually a RequestContext.

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(template='hello_user.html', timeout=30*60)
def hello_user(context, name):
    return {'name': name}

..

**Note:** Return context dict for the template, not rendered html/text

If there is no need for caching, set the viewlet decorator argument timeout to 0.

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(timeout=0)
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

By default your viewlets will be named as the function. To override this you can set the decorator argument name

.. code-block:: python

@viewlet(name='greeting')
def hello_user(context, name):
    return render_to_string('hello_user.html', {'name': name})

A powerful usage of viewlet.refresh is to use it together with Django signals:

.. code-block:: python

class Product(Model):
    name = CharField(max_length=255)

@viewlet(timeout=None)
def product_teaser(context, id):
    product = get_context_object(Product, id, context)
    return render_to_string('product_teaser.html', locals())

def refresh_product_teaser(instance, **kwargs):
    viewlet.refresh('product_teaser', instance.id)

post_save.connect(refresh_product_teaser, Product)

Viewlets can also be accesses with AJAX by adding viewlet.urls to your Django root urls:

.. code-block:: python

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    (r'^viewlet/', include('viewlet.urls')),
)

The url ends with the viewlet name followed by a querystring used as kwargs to the viewlet:

..

    http://localhost:8000/viewlet/[name]/?arg=1...

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