This repo contains the implementation for Rethinking Image Mixture for Unsupervised Visual Representation Learning, which perturbs input image space to soften the output prediction space indirectly, so that the proposed method can smooth decision boundaries and prevent the learner from becoming over-confident.

Our Motivation: Soften Predictions

Figure 1: Illustration of our motivation on contrastive-based unsupervised learning approaches. Contrastive learning measures the similarity of sample pairs in the latent representation space. With flattened prediction, the model is encouraged to treat each incorrect instance as equally probable, which will smooth decision boundaries and prevent the learner from becoming over-confident.

An Example of Using this Code on MoCo and CMC

CMC with Image Mixture (

IM flag:

  • --IM: train with IM space.
  • --IM_type: specify the type of IM and other augmentation methods that we implement, including: 'IM', 'global', 'region', 'Cutout', 'RandomErasing'.

Global mixture:

  • --g_alpha: global mix alpha. Default: 1.0
  • --g_num: global mix num. Default: 2
  • --g_prob: global mix prob. Default: 0.1

Region-level mixture:

  • --r_beta: region mix beta. Default: 1.0
  • --r_prob: region mix prob. Default: 0.1
  • --r_num: region mix num. Default: 2
  • --r_pixel_decay: region mix pixel decay. Default: 1.0

We also include other data augmentation methods like Cutout and Random Erasing in this repo, the results are inferior than ours.


We run our method with MoCo and CMC, the results are as follows:


Figure 2: Linear classification accuracy with different pre-training budget on ImageNet-100. The dotted lines denotethe baseline results and the solid linesare with our method. The red color denotes MoCo method and blue color is CMC.



Figure 3: 2048-dim of predictions from unsupervised pre-trained ResNet-50 on ImageNet-1K val set. Our model obtains more flattened distribution than MoCo when feeding into the same image with the contrastively pre-trained models.


If you find this repo useful for your research, please consider citing the paper

  title={Rethinking Image Mixture for Unsupervised Visual Representation Learning},
  author={Shen, Zhiqiang and Liu, Zechun and Liu, Zhuang and Savvides, Marios and Darrell, Trevor},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2003.05438},

For any questions, please contact Zhiqiang Shen ([email protected]).