/ Images

Scalable reverse image search built on Kubernetes and Elasticsearch

Scalable reverse image search built on Kubernetes and Elasticsearch

Match

Match makes it easy to search for images that look similar to each other. Using a state-of-the-art perceptual hash, it is invariant to scaling and 90 degree rotations. Its HTTP API is quick to integrate and flexible for a number of reverse image search applications. Kubernetes and Elasticsearch allow Match to scale to billions of images with ease while giving you full control over where your data is stored. Match uses the awesome ascribe/image-match under the hood for most of the image search legwork.

Getting Started

If you already have ElasticSearch running:

$ docker run -e ELASTICSEARCH_URL=https://daisy.us-west-1.es.amazonaws.com -it dsys/match

If you want to run ElasticSearch locally as well, have docker-compose installed on your system, clone this repository and type:

$ make dev

Match is packaged as a Docker container (dsys/match on Docker Hub), making it highly portable and scalable to billions of images. You can configure a few options using environment variables:

  • WORKER_COUNT (default: 4)

    The number of gunicorn workers to spin up.

  • ELASTICSEARCH_URL (default: elasticsearch:9200)

    A URL pointing to the Elasticsearch database where image signatures are to be stored. If you don't want to host your own Elasticsearch cluster, consider using AWS Elasticsearch Service. That's what we use.

  • ELASTICSEARCH_INDEX (default: images)

    The index in the Elasticsearch database where image signatures are to be stored.

  • ELASTICSEARCH_DOC_TYPE (default: images)

    The doc type used for storing image signatures.

Using in your own Kubernetes cluster

You can configure the service, replication controller, and secret like so:

# match-service.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: match
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    protocol: TCP
  selector:
    app: match
# match-rc.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ReplicationController
metadata:
  name: match
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    app: match
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: match
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: match
        image: dsys/match:latest
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
        env:
        - name: WORKER_COUNT
          value: "4"
        - name: ELASTICSEARCH_URL
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: match
              key: elasticsearch.url
        - name: ELASTICSEARCH_INDEX
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: match
              key: elasticsearch.index
        - name: ELASTICSEARCH_DOC_TYPE
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: match
              key: elasticsearch.doc-type
# match-secret.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: match
data:
  # https://daisy.us-west-1.es.amazonaws.com (change me)
  elasticsearch.url: aHR0cHM6Ly9kYWlzeS51cy13ZXN0LTEuZXMuYW1hem9uYXdzLmNvbQ==

  # images
  elasticsearch.index: aW1hZ2Vz

  # images
  elasticsearch.doc-type: aW1hZ2Vz

API

Match has a simple HTTP API. All request parameters are specified via application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data.


POST /add

Adds an image signature to the database.

Parameters

  • url or image (required)

    The image to add to the database. It may be provided as a URL via url or as a multipart/form-data file upload via image.

  • filepath (required)

    The path to save the image to in the database. If another image already exists at the given path, it will be overwritten.

  • metadata (default: None)

    An arbitrary JSON object featuring meta data to attach to the image.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "add",
  "result": []
}

DELETE /delete

Deletes an image signature from the database.

Parameters

  • filepath (required)

    The path of the image signature in the database.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "delete",
  "result": []
}

POST /search

Searches for a similar image in the database. Scores range from 0 to 100, with 100 being a perfect match.

Parameters

  • url or image (required)

    The image to add to the database. It may be provided as a URL via url or as a multipart/form-data file upload via image.

  • all_orientations (default: true)

    Whether or not to search for similar 90 degree rotations of the image.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "search",
  "result": [
    {
      "score": 99.0,
      "filepath": "http://static.wixstatic.com/media/0149b5_345c8f862e914a80bcfcc98fcd432e97.jpg_srz_614_709_85_22_0.50_1.20_0.00_jpg_srz"
    }
  ]
}

POST /compare

Compares two images, returning a score for their similarity. Scores range from 0 to 100, with 100 being a perfect match.

Parameters

  • url1 or image1, url2 or image2 (required)

    The images to compare. They may be provided as a URL via url1/url2 or as a multipart/form-data file upload via image1/image2.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "compare",
  "result": [
    {
      "score": 99.0
    }
  ]
}

GET /count

Count the number of image signatures in the database.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "list",
  "result": [420]
}

GET /list

Lists the file paths for the image signatures in the database.

Parameters

  • offset (default: 0)

    The location in the database to begin listing image paths.

  • limit (default: 20)

    The number of image paths to retrieve.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "list",
  "result": [
    "http://img.youtube.com/vi/iqPqylKy-bY/0.jpg",
    "https://i.ytimg.com/vi/zbjIwBggt2k/hqdefault.jpg",
    "https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/3d/67/6d/3d676d3f7f3031c9fd91c10b17d56afe.jpg"
  ]
}

GET /ping

Check for the health of the server.

Example Response

{
  "status": "ok",
  "error": [],
  "method": "ping",
  "result": []
}

Development

$ export ELASTICSEARCH_URL=https://daisy.us-west-1.es.amazonaws.com
$ make build
$ make run
$ make push

GitHub