What? A command-line tool for visually investigating the disk usage of docker images
Why? Large images are slow to move and expensive to store. They cost developer productivity by lengthening devops tasks and often contain unnecessary data
Who is this for? Primarily for engineers working with images containing Python packages.
This tool should allow you to answer questions such as:
- Which file types are occupying the most disk space?
- Which are my largest Python packages?
- What are my unknown causes of high disk usage?
pip install whaler
Run against a local directory
➜ whaler .venv Running bash -c cd .venv && du -a -k Done. Serving output at http://localhost:8000 (ctrl+c to exit) Running python3 -m http.server 8000 --directory=_whaler/html
Run against a docker image
The tool will pull the image first if it is not present.
whaler --image='hl:latest' / Running docker run --rm --entrypoint=du --workdir=/ hl:latest -a -k Ignoring what seems to be non-fatal error(s): du: cannot access './proc/1/task/1/fd/4': No such file or directory du: cannot access './proc/1/task/1/fdinfo/4': No such file or directory du: cannot access './proc/1/fd/3': No such file or directory du: cannot access './proc/1/fdinfo/3': No such file or directory Done. Serving output at http://localhost:8000 (ctrl+c to exit) Running python3 -m http.server 8000 --directory=_whaler/html
Play with a hosted demo
- Platform: whaler uses
duto gather disk usage data. It must be present in your docker image
- Scale: I have tested the web UI with up to 500,000 file system nodes with
duoutput of up to ~100MB.
Alternatives/Complements to this tool:
- Whaler can tell you what is taking up space in the final layer of your Docker image, but you may have intermediate layers which are contributing to the image size. For diving through the layers, use dive
- Related: read up on multi-stage builds to understand how to mitigate the problem of intermediate layers bloating your image.
- For investigating disk usage in non-docker directories, Disk Inventory X is a great tool on OS X which I have based whaler on.
- GoogleContainerTools/distroless for base images not containing standard linux distro contents
.github/workflows/test.yml for the development platform and setup.
For UI, see whaler-ui