ASRU 2021 IEEE Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding
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SpeechNAS-Better-Trade-off-between-Latency-and-Accuracy-for-Large-Scale-Speaker-Verification, ASRU 2021.
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Recently, x-vector has been a successful and popular approach for speaker verification, which employs a time delay neural network (TDNN) and statistics pooling to extract speaker characterizing embedding from variable-length utterances. Improvement upon the x-vector has been an active research area, and enormous neural networks have been elaborately designed based on the x-vector, eg, extended TDNN (E-TDNN), factorized TDNN (F-TDNN), and densely connected TDNN (D-TDNN). In this work, we try to identify the optimal architectures from a TDNN based search space employing neural architecture search (NAS), named SpeechNAS. Leveraging the recent advances in the speaker recognition, such as high-order statistics pooling, multi-branch mechanism, D-TDNN and angular additive margin softmax (AAM) loss with a minimum hyper-spherical energy (MHE), SpeechNAS automatically discovers five network architectures, from SpeechNAS-1 to SpeechNAS-5, of various numbers of parameters and GFLOPs on the large-scale text-independent speaker recognition dataset VoxCeleb1. Our derived best neural network achieves an equal error rate (EER) of 1.02% on the standard test set of VoxCeleb1, which surpasses previous TDNN based state-of-the-art approaches by a large margin.