A neural-based binary analysis tool

This directory contains the demo of a neural-based binary analysis tool. We test the framework using multiple binary analysis tasks: (i) vulnerability detection. (ii) code similarity measures. (iii) decompilations. (iv) malware analysis (coming later).


  • Python 3.7.6
  • Python packages
    • dgl 0.6.0
    • numpy 1.18.1
    • pandas 1.2.0
    • scipy 1.4.1
    • sklearn 0.0
    • tensorboard 2.2.1
    • torch 1.5.0
    • torchtext 0.2.0
    • tqdm 4.42.1
    • wget 3.2
  • C++14 compatible compiler
  • Clang++ 3.7.1

Tasks and Dataset preparation

Binary code similarity measures

  1. Download dataset
    • Download POJ-104 datasets from here and extract them into data/.
  2. Compile and preprocess
    • Run python preprocess/extract_obj.py -asm data/obj (clang++-3.7.1 required)
    • Run python preprocess/split_dataset.py -i data/obj -m p -o data/split.pkl to split the dataset into train/valid/test sets.
    • Run python preprocess/sim_preprocess.py to compile the binary code into graphs data.
    • *(part of the preprocessing code are from [1])

Binary Vulnerability detections

  1. Cramming the binary dataset
    • The dataset is built on top of Devign. We compile the entire library based on the commit id and dump the binary code of the vulnerable functions. The cramming code is given in preprocess/cram_vul_dataset.
  2. Download Preprocessed data
    • Run ./preprocess.sh (clang++-3.7.1 required), or
    • You can directly download the preprocessed datasets from here and extract them into data/.
    • Run python preprocess/vul_preprocess.py to compile the binary code into graphs data

Binary decompilation [N-Bref]

  1. Download dataset
    • Download the demo datasets (raw and preprocessed data) from here and extract them into data/. (More datasets to come.)
    • No need to compile the code into graph again as the data has already been preprocessed.

Training and Evaluation

Binary code similarity measures

  • Run cd baseline_model && python run_similarity_check.py

Binary Vulnerability detections

  • Run cd baseline_model && python run_vulnerability_detection.py

Binary decompilation [N-Bref]

  1. Dump the trace of tree expansion:
    • To accelerate the online processing of the tree output, we will dump the trace of the trea data by running python -m preprocess.dump_trace
  2. Training scripts:
    • First, cd baseline model.
    • To train the model using torch parallel, run python run_tree_transformer.py.
    • To train it on multi-gpu using distribute pytorch, run python run_tree_transformer_multi_gpu.py
    • To evaluate, run python run_tree_transformer.py --eval
    • To evaluate a multi-gpu trained model, run python run_tree_transformer_multi_gpu.py --eval


[1] Ye, Fangke, et al. "MISIM: An End-to-End Neural Code Similarity System." arXiv preprint arXiv:2006.05265 (2020).

[2] Zhou, Yaqin, et al. "Devign: Effective vulnerability identification by learning comprehensive program semantics via graph neural networks." Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2019.

[3] Shi, Zhan, et al. "Learning Execution through Neural Code Fusion.", ICLR (2019).