Stork (pleroma-bot)

Mirror one or multiple Twitter accounts in Pleroma/Mastodon.

After using the pretty cool mastodon-bot for a while, I found it was lacking some actions which were of use to me.

For precisely those cases I've written this Python project that automates them, asking such info to Twitter's API and updating the relevant fields on the Pleroma API/Mastodon API side.

Features

So basically, it does the following:

  • Retrieves tweets and posts them on the Fediverse account if their timestamp is newer than the last post.
    • Can filter out RTs or not
    • Can filter out replies or not
  • Media retrieval and upload of multiple attachments. This includes:
    • Video
    • Images
    • Animated GIFs
    • Polls
  • Retrieves profile info from Twitter and updates it in on the Fediverse account. This includes:
    • Display name
    • Profile picture
    • Banner image
    • Bio text
  • Adds some metadata fields to the Fediverse account, pointing to the original Twitter account or custom text.

Installation

Using pip

$ pip install pleroma-bot

Using a package manager

Here's a list of the available packages.

Package type Link Maintainer
AUR (Arch) https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/python-pleroma-bot robertoszek

Usage

$ pleroma-bot [--noProfile] [--forceDate [FORCEDATE]] [-c CONFIG]
Bot for mirroring one or multiple Twitter accounts in Pleroma/Mastodon.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -c CONFIG, --config CONFIG
                        path of config file (config.yml) to use and parse. If
                        not specified, it will try to find it in the current
                        working directory.
  -n, --noProfile       skips Fediverse profile update (no background image,
                        profile image, bio text, etc.)
  --forceDate [FORCEDATE]
                        forces the tweet retrieval to start from a specific
                        date. The twitter_username value (FORCEDATE) can be
                        supplied to only force it for that particular user in
                        the config
  -s, --skipChecks      skips first run checks
  --verbose, -v
  --version             show program's version number and exit

Before running

You'll need the following:

If you plan on retrieving tweets from an account which has their tweets protected, you'll also need the following:

  • Consumer Key and Secret. You'll find them on your project app keys and tokens section at Twitter's Developer Portal
  • Access Token Key and Secret. You'll also find them on your project app keys and tokens section at Twitter's Developer Portal.
    Alternatively, you can obtain the Access Token and Secret by running this locally, while being logged in with a Twitter account which follows or is the owner of the protected account

Create a config.yml file in the same path where you are calling pleroma-bot. There's a config example in this repo called config.yml.sample that can help you when filling yours out:

twitter_base_url: https://api.twitter.com/1.1
# Change this to your Fediverse instance
pleroma_base_url: https://pleroma.robertoszek.xyz
# (optional) Change this to your preferred nitter instance
nitter_base_url: https://nitter.net
# How many tweets to get in every execution
# Twitter's API hard limit is 3,200
max_tweets: 40
# Twitter bearer token
twitter_token: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
# List of users and their attributes
users:
- twitter_username: KyleBosman
  pleroma_username: KyleBosman
  # Mastodon/Pleroma token obtained by following the README.md
  pleroma_token: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  # (optional) keys and secrets for using OAuth 1.0a (for protected accounts)
  consumer_key: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  consumer_secret: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  access_token_key: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  access_token_secret: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  # If you want to add a link to the original status or not
  signature: true
  # (optional) If you want to download Twitter attachments and add them to the Pleroma posts.
  # By default they are not
  media_upload: true
  # (optional) If twitter links should be changed to nitter ones. By default they are not
  nitter: true
  # (optional) If mentions should be transformed to links to the mentioned Twitter profile
  rich_text: true
  # (optional) visibility of the post. Must one of the following: public, unlisted, private, direct
  # by default is "unlisted"
  visibility: "unlisted"
  # (optional) Force all posts for this account to be sensitive or not
  # The NSFW banner for the instance will be shown for attachments as a warning if true
  # If not defined, the original tweet sensitivity will be used on a tweet by tweet basis
  sensitive: false
  # (optional) If RTs are to be also be posted in the Fediverse account. By default they are included
  include_rts: false
  # (optional) If replies are to be also posted in the Fediverse account. By default they are included
  include_replies: false
  # (optional) List of hashtags to use for filtering out tweets which don't include any of them
  hashtags:
    - sponsored
  # (optional) How big attachments can be before being ignored and not being uploaded to the Fediverse post
  # Examples: "30MB", "1.5GB", "0.5TB"
  file_max_size: 500MB
  # additional custom-named attributes
  support_account: robertoszek
  # you can use any attribute from 'user' inside a string with {{ attr_name }} and it will be replaced
  # with the attribute value. e.g. {{ support_account }}
  bio_text: "\U0001F916 BEEP BOOP \U0001F916 \nI'm a bot that mirrors {{ twitter_username }} Twitter's\
    \ account. \nAny issues please contact @{{ support_account }} \n \n " # username will be replaced by its value
  # Optional metadata fields and values for the Pleroma profile
  fields:
  - name: "\U0001F426 Birdsite"
    value: "{{ twitter_url }}"
  - name: "Status"
    value: "I am completely operational, and all my circuits are functioning perfectly."
  - name: "Source"
    value: "https://gitea.robertoszek.xyz/robertoszek/pleroma-twitter-info-grabber"
# Mastodon instance example
- twitter_username: WoolieWoolz
  pleroma_username: 24660
  pleroma_base_url: https://botsin.space
  pleroma_token: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  # Mastodon doesn't support rich text!
  rich_text: false
  signature: true
  nitter: true
  visibility: "unlisted"
  media_upload: true
  max_tweets: 50
  bio_text: "\U0001F916 BEEP BOOP \U0001F916 \nI'm a bot that mirrors {{ twitter_username }} Twitter's\
    \ account. \nAny issues please contact @{{ support_account }} \n \n " # username will be replaced by its value
  fields:
  - name: "\U0001F426 Birdsite"
    value: "{{ twitter_url }}"
  - name: "Status"
    value: "I am completely operational, and all my circuits are functioning perfectly."
  - name: "Source"
    value: "https://gitea.robertoszek.xyz/robertoszek/pleroma-twitter-info-grabber"
# Minimal config example
- twitter_username: arstechnica
  pleroma_username: mynewsbot
  pleroma_token: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  bio_text: ""

Changing the users to the desired ones. You can add as many users as needed.

Also change the following to your Pleroma/Mastodon instance URL:

pleroma_base_url: https://pleroma.robertoszek.xyz

Running

If you're running the bot for the first time it will ask you for the date you wish to start retrieving tweets from (it will gather all from that date up to the present).
If you leave it empty and just press enter it will default to the oldest date that Twitter's API allows ('2010-11-06T00:00:00Z') for tweet retrieval.

To force this behaviour in future runs you can use the --forceDate argument (be careful, no validation is performed with the already posted toots/posts by that Fediverse account and you can end up with duplicates posts/toots!).

Additionally, you can provide a twitter_username if you only want to force the date for one user in your config.

For example:

$ pleroma-bot --forceDate WoolieWoolz

If the --noProfile argument is passed, only new tweets will be posted. The profile picture, banner, display name and bio will not be updated on the Fediverse account.

NOTE: An error.log file will be created at the path from which pleroma-bot is being called.

crontab entry example

(everyday at 6:15 AM) update profile and (every 10 min.) post new tweets:

# Post tweets every 10 min
*/10 * * * * cd /home/robertoszek/myvenv/ && . bin/activate && pleroma-bot noProfile

# Update pleroma profile with Twitter info every day at 6:15 AM
15 6 * * * cd /home/robertoszek/myvenv/ && . bin/activate && pleroma-bot

Screenshots

cmd

screenshot--1--1

Acknowledgements

These projects proved to be immensely useful, they are Python wrappers for the Mastodon API and Twitter API respectively:

They were part of the impetus for this project, challenging myself to not just import them and use them, instead opting to directly do the heavy lifting with built-in python modules.

That and mastodon-bot not working after upgrading the Pleroma instance I was admin on 😅. This event lead to repurposing it and adding the tweet gathering and posting capabilities.

GitHub

https://github.com/robertoszek/pleroma-bot